Everything about Bipolar Disorder - Symptoms, Causes and Treatment

By admin January 29, 2020 in Fitness

Our life has become so busy and stressful that we often don’t pay attention to our mental health.

The most dangerous thing in our life is our decreasing mental health and ignoring it completely.

Physical problems and diseases can be cured by medicines and with the help of other treatments.

But, mental health cannot be cured only with the help of medicines; we need support and love of our family and friends to overcome this situation.

There are so many mental illnesses present in the modern world, like depression, bipolar disorder, schizophrenia, dementia, and autism.

The most difficult thing about these illnesses is people who suffer from it don’t want to discuss it with others.

If we want to get help for mental illness and cure it to some extent, we have to talk and spread awareness about it.

In this post, we will discuss such mental illness called Bipolar Disorder and its causes, symptoms and how to cure it.

Bipolar Disorder

Table of Contents

1. What is Bipolar Disorder?
2. Bipolar Disorder Symptoms
3. Few things to know
4. Bipolar Disorder Causes
5. Types of Bipolar Disorder
6. Bipolar Disorder Treatment

What is Bipolar Disorder?

Bipolar Disorder is a mental illness that affects our daily lives in very serious ways.

There are more than 45 million people suffering from this mental health issue in the world.

In this illness, you feel over-excitement at one point and at the next moment, you may feel like your life is nothing and will be without any motivation.

You may want to do 20 projects at once and in the next moment you don’t want to do anything because you don’t see yourself worthy enough.

It typically consists of both manic episodes and depressive episodes separated by periods of normal moods.

Unfortunately, this mental illness is becoming more and more common in adults and kids.

There is no cure for this illness, but medicines and affection shown by our loved one can help to stabilize it.

Bipolar Disorder Symptoms

There are few symptoms with the help of which you can see if someone has Bipolar Disorder or not.

The affected person will have different episodes due to this illness like manic episodes, depressive episodes, and mood episodes.

Manic Episodes

* These episodes may include symptoms such as high energy, reduced need for sleep and loss of touch with reality.

* These episodes affect your daily work and decrease your health in a very bad way.

* This Bipolar Disorder symptom is an alarming thing and after this more episodes will come.

Bipolar Disorder

Depressive Episodes:

* This is the most dangerous thing that happens in Bipolar Disorder.

* These episodes may include symptoms such as low energy, low motivation, and loss of interest in daily activities.

* You will fall into an abyss of depressing thoughts in these episodes and you need to get hold of yourself.

* This Bipolar Disorder symptom is very hard to watch for friends and family because it deeply affects the person.

Mood Episodes:

* These episodes include symptoms such as mood swings, anxiety, general discontent, and elevated moods.

* It can last days to months at a time and may also be associated with suicidal thoughts.

* Sometimes, people ignore this Bipolar Disorder symptom and let it happen. But in a longer period, it can prove to be a dangerous thing.

Few things to know:

* Apart from these bipolar disorder symptoms, many more things happen to patients of Bipolar Disorder.

* People suffering from this illness have had some of the worst episodes of their life.

* People suffering from this illness try to do some risky things like cutting their hairs and getting overdosed on drugs.

* People suffering from this condition have very high energy and you can observe this by just looking the way they talk.

* Sometimes, they get lost in their thoughts and forget what they were talking about.

* People suffering from Bipolar Disorder feel very high on confidence when experiencing manic attacks and feel very low when experiencing depression episodes.

* The most dangerous episodes felt by them are mix episodes like they can feel high energy but feel depressed at the same time.

 Psych Central Causes of Bipolar Disorder

* They feel horrible, but actually have energy and motivation to do something, which will lead to some very self-destructive behavior.

* They often do things that are risky and don’t think anything while having manic episodes due to too much energy.

* Substance abuse, heavy drinking, and taking drugs go hand to hand in Bipolar Disorder.

* While having depressive episodes, they feel hopeless and feel majorly fatigued and low on energy without doing any work.

* They feel like they are stuck in this depressing stage forever and have no motivation for their life goals.

* These Bipolar Disorder symptoms are alarming and we need to look for them and act as fast as possible.

Bipolar Disorder Causes

There is no specific reason why Bipolar Disorder actually happens.

There is not only a single cause; it is more likely to result from a range of factors.

Genetic factors:

Bipolar Disorder may be a genetic disease, more likely to emerge in a person with a family history of this illness before.

If someone from his/her family member has had Bipolar Disorder in the past, then there are high chances that it may be passed onto him.

The Bipolar disorder caused by genetics is the most common reason for suffering from this illness.

Brain-chemical Imbalance:

Neurotransmitter imbalance appears to play a key role in this mental illness.

The Bipolar disorder caused by the brain–chemical imbalance is more dangerous because you cannot cure the imbalance only with medicines.

Hormonal Problem:

Abuses, mental stress, and a significant loss may contribute to triggering it.

Traumatic events like loss of someone dear, disrespect and many other events can trigger this illness in a patient.

The Bipolar disorder caused by some emotional event is very dangerous because that person can fall into the big valley of depression.

Bipolar Disorder

Types of Bipolar Disorder

There are a total of three types of Bipolar Disorder that are listed below:

Bipolar Ι Disorder:

These patients have at least one episode during this illness.

They have also experienced a previous major depressive episode.

Bipolar ΙΙ Disorder:

They must have experienced one or more episodes of depression and at least one episode of a hypomanic.

These episodes include sleeping less than normal and even feeling insomnia sometimes.


This condition involves episodes of low-level depression that alternate with periods of hypomania.

A person who receives a diagnosis of this condition has a lifelong diagnosis. They may enter a stable mental stage, but they will always have the diagnosis.

Bipolar Disorder Treatment

The main aim of bipolar disorder treatment is to minimize the frequency of manic and depressive episodes.

Treatment is given to reduce the severity of symptoms to enable a relatively normal and productive life.

Treatments involve a combination of therapies, which may include medication and physical and psychological interventions.

Bipolar disorder treatments are easy and do not cost that much in total. And in the end, your loved one is more important than money.

Drug Treatment:

* Lithium carbonate is the most commonly prescribed long-term drug to treat long-term episodes.

* Usually, people suffering from this illness take this medicine for at least 6 months.

Other drugs used are:

* Anticonvulsants: prescribed to treat mania episodes.

* Antipsychotics: Aripiprazole, Olanzapine, and Risperidone are used when the episodes are severe and disturbing.

* Some antidepressants are given to patients before they have a diagnosis of Bipolar Disorder, which may trigger an initial manic episode.

* Bipolar disorder treatment by these drugs is often successful and helps people to recover from deep depression sometimes.

Psychotherapy, CBT, and Hospitalization:

* Psychotherapy aims to alleviate and helps the patient to manage its symptoms.

* Cognitive Behavioral Therapy (CBT) is individual or family-based therapy, which can help to prevent relapses in the future.

* In very rare cases, a patient is hospitalized in this mental illness.


You don’t have to live like this; the numerous solutions out there for patients of this mental illness.

The hardest part of any mental illness is to accept that you are suffering from it and after that, you need to do something about it.

Do yourself a huge favor and ask for help to survive during Bipolar Disorder.

And always remember one thing, never ever lose hope!!

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