Fungal Infection: Symptoms, Types, and Treatment

By Nancy Wilson January 18, 2019 in Skin Care

We all know that skin is the largest organ of our body. Have you ever thought what if your skin gets ever infected with fungus? How your body would react to such skin condition?

We very well understand that many of you might not be aware of the real cause of fungus affecting your skin.

Through this article, we will share our knowledge about the fungal skin infections and what to do if you have any one of them.

What is Fungal Infections?

Fungal Infection is caused by harmful fungi, which lives in the air, soil, plants and in water as well. Several kinds of fungi live naturally in our human body.

Being fungus a primitive organism, many of them are helpful, while others are harmful. As a result of this harmful fungus, the immune system of the human body finds difficult to handle this skin condition when it takes over an area of the body.

When fungus invades the body, it can be difficult to diagnose the exact cause in severe cases along with its hardness to kill.

Some harmful fungus has the ability to survive even in the regular environment and can re-infect the human body whenever they get the chance.

What is Fungal Infection

Though some fungus can be harmful but they cannot be severe as many people think of. If they are diagnosed at the right time and given proper treatment, you can keep your body protected from such infection.

In many cases, once treated, they can again hit your body at any time, so the accurate preventive measures enable you to reduce its effects on your body.

Though some fungus can be harmful but they cannot be severe as many people think of. If they are diagnosed at the right time and given proper treatment, you can keep your body protected from such infection.

In many cases, once treated, they can again hit your body at any time, so the accurate preventive measures enable you to reduce its effects on your body.

In this article, we will talk about all kind of that infections which is related to fungal – we can understood about its symptoms, different treatment options as well as home remedies to cure from this.

Common symptoms

The symptoms of these infections depend on the type of skin infection you have. Here, we will share common symptoms that will help you to find that your skin is infected with fungi.

  • Itching
  • Redness
  • Inflamed Skin
  • Scaling of the skin
  • Burning sensation

We will also help you to get aware of some home remedies for the particular infection.

So, if you do not want to depend on professional treatments or want to keep your skin from creams or treatment containing harsh ingredients, you can go for the given home remedies for the type of fungal skin infection you have.

Types of Skin infections

Here, we are going to discuss four different types of skin infections.

1). Athlete’s Foot

Athlete’s Foot, also known as Tinea Pedis, is a type of skin infections that occurs on the feet, resulting in itching, scaling, and redness.

It is one of the common infections that usually grow in moist environments. People in sports are common victims of this infection, as their feet tend to live more in moisture due to the wearing of socks and shoes, their sports equipment for a long time. It is the reason; this infection type is named as Athlete’s Foot.

In reality, this infection can affect anyone in the warmer and hot climates, as in these weather conditions, fungi multiply quickly that may lead to a more severe skin condition.

This skin infection type is not serious, it can be cured easily, but sometimes it is hard to treat based on your personal health condition.

Like, if you have diabetes or weak immune system then curing this infection can be little difficult from your end. So, instead of being dependent on home remedies, make sure to consult a doctor right away.

Symptoms of Athlete’s Foot

  • Itching or burning sensation in the infected area
  • Peeling or cracking skin
  • Redness or blisters on the itching foot
  • Raw skin on the foot
  • Discolored and crumbling toenails

Treatment for Athlete’s Foot

Sometimes, this skin infection type is treated with skin creams or lotions to keep your feet moisturized for a long time, which in turn prevent them from giving an infection.

But, when this option does not work, an oral antifungal medication is recommended as the right treatment.

Some doctors also recommend home remedies to clear up the infection. Like, take a bucket of salt water or diluted vinegar, soak your feet for few minutes.

It will help in drying up the blisters and give you relief from itchy and burning skin.

Another home remedy option is to use Tea Tree Oil. It is considered as the most effective home therapy to treat on the skin.

It has been clinically proven as the best skin care solution for many people. Keep in mind that you must ask your doctor if you can use this oil for your infection, because it may cause more skin problems for people with a specific skin type.

Home remedies for this infections are something that we can consider to avoid Anti-fungal medications containing steroids.

2). Jock Itch

Jock Itch

Jock Itch, also known as Tinea Cruris, is a type of fungal skin infection which loves the most humid parts of the human body.

The areas such as groin, butts, inner thighs and genitals are common to grow this infection. As its name implies, this skin condition can be very itchy, which may give some relief using the creams formulated specifically to cure itchiness and redness on the affected area.

Also, if you come in direct contact with an infected person or an object carrying the associated fungi, you are most likely to get infected and will notice a ring-shaped rash on the affected area.

If you are experiencing a red, itchy rash on the mentioned areas and are not sure that the condition is jock itch, you are advised to contact your doctor for the right diagnosis.

Symptoms of Jock Itch

  • Redness in the groin or thighs
  • Irritation, itching or burning sensation in the infected area
  • Red rashes in a circular shape with elevated edges
  • Cracking or peeling of the skin

Treatment for Jock Itch

The treatment of jock itch involves topical Anti-fungal medications and proper care of the infected area, like keeping it clean and dry.

Even using over-the-counter Anti-fungal creams and sprays also works effectively in treating such type of Fungal Skin Infection.

Before applying any ointment, make sure to wash and dry the infected area with a clean cloth/towel. You must also change clothes every day and avoid dirt or dust particles to settle in that area.

These steps can kill the fungus and will keep your skin infected-free.

3). Ringworm


Ringworm is another fungal skin infection, also known as Tinea Corporis, which is usually caused by the fungus lives on the dead skin tissues.

This infection can affect any area of the body and commonly looks like red, circular, uneven and itchy sore.

A small itchy area can gradually turn into the circular shape, which makes it easier to diagnose this type of infection. Ringworm is contagious and can infect others by direct contact with infected person.

Heat and humidity may result to worsen the condition and if not cured properly it may spread on other areas of the body. This infection may affect skin on the scalp, feet, groin, and other areas.

Symptoms of Ringworm

  • Ring-shaped patch on the skin
  • Itchy, scaly or raised patches
  • Itchiness and burning sensation
  • Redder on the outside edges with ring appearance

Treatment for Ringworm

Though ringworm is very easy to diagnose, still doctor recommends the medication depending on the severity of the skin condition.

In most of the cases, ointments and creams are sufficient to treat ringworms, but in many cases, a specific prescription is provided to kill the fungus from inside the skin.

Over-the-counter medications and antifungal skin creams are also recommended to apply regularly to destroy the fungus from roots.

The basic hygiene is essential to keep in mind to prevent ringworm to grow and to re-infect. It is good to keep your skin clean and dry to get rid of infection on the skin.

Also, never share clothes, towels or personal items with others, even in your family, as the infection may easily spread from the infected person.

If you or any family member is infected with ringworm, be sure to wash bedding and clothes daily to prevent infecting your home surroundings.

4). Yeast Infection

Yeast Infection

Yeast infection is caused by yeast-like fungi called candida that can affect any skin area of the body. This infection commonly occurs when yeast on the skin grows aggressively, resulting in the red, scaling and itchy rash on the affected area.

The overgrowth of candida may results in an imbalance of bacteria due to antibiotics, stress, hormonal imbalances, improper diet, and others.

No doubt like other skin infections, this infection may also affect any skin surface on the body, but it may spread actively in warm and moist areas such as armpits, groin and skin folds.

You must also know that this fungus is naturally found in your body, where your immune system plays a great role in keeping it from developing out of control.

Yeast infection is common in people with obesity or diabetes, who are the first choice of this type of infection.

Candida infections can cause:

  • Fungal Toenail infections
  • Diaper Rash in infants
  • Oral Thrush Infection – It occurs in the mouth, especially in the babies whom immune systems are still in developing stage. If you take antibiotics and have a habit of not rinsing your mouth afterward, this infection may catch you easily.
  • Vaginal Yeast Infection – It hits three out of four women for a variety of reasons. Hormonal changes or certain birth control pills may also increase the chances of getting affected by yeast infection. The women with sexually transmitted diseases or with higher sugar levels are at a higher risk of this infection.

Symptoms of Yeast Infection

  • Itching and Swelling
  • Burning sensation in the infected area
  • Redness and soreness
  • Cracked skin
  • Painful urination and Vaginal discharge in vaginal yeast infection

Treatment for Yeast Infection

Treatment of any fungal skin infection completely depends on its severity, which is applicable to yeast infection as well.

The basic treatment includes creams or tablets, recommended by the doctor or the over-the-counter medications.

The common brands for OTC medications for yeast infections are Monistat and Vagistat. If any kind of complexity is found in your skin condition, the doctor will prescribe the treatment accordingly.

The steps to prevent yeast infections include a balanced diet and proper hygiene that includes loose-fitting clothing and change of feminine products frequently. These simple steps work effectively in preventing fungal growth.

We have already discussed about Tea Tree Oil, which is a highly effective solution to kill fungus, bacteria, and viruses.

This oil has the power to treat any kind of skin infection. Simply consult your doctor before using it as the treatment to cure infection on your skin.

It has been also found that yogurt acts as a natural remedy to prevent yeast and other bacterial infections. So, if you are suffering from yeast infection, you can consider eating yogurt as the best home remedy to get relief from infection.

In many cases, when the yeast infection does not respond to antifungal medications, boric acid with antiseptic and antifungal properties works as an alternative treatment to cure your skin condition. Make sure not to use this treatment before consulting your doctor.


Now you may get an idea what exact infections on the skin causes and how you can treat them. Such skin conditions are not serious at all if they are treated quickly and properly.

Also, if you experience repeated any any kind skin related problems, you are advised to seek medical care as early as possible.

Keeping your skin clean, dry and hygiene is something that you should never ignore. Taking them as the preventive measures can go a long way that can help you to avoid fungal skin infections in all the possible ways.

In order to avoid serious complications, the best way is to notify your doctor whenever you notice the first sign of any kind of infection on your skin.

Taking quick action is always better than the long-time sufferings.

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Nancy Wilson

9 articles by Nancy Wilson | View Author Profile

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